Skin Care

The Beginners Guide to Facial Acids-Things You need to Know

What are Facial Acids ?

The term “acid” brings up images in your head related to labs, test tube and burns. But in reality facial acids in the correct concentration can be very beneficial for your skin. Yes these are primarily chemical based products. The word chemical might ring some wrong bells in your head. Nonetheless, always remember that the air you breath in and the water that you drink everything is a chemical compound.

So its not necessary that all chemical products are harmful. Facial acids are not purely ayurvedic as you know of. Still they are derived from barks, roots and flowers of the trees.

Why to chose them ?

We live in a country that gave birth to Ayurveda. Hence it is quite difficult for us to accept anything except that. Yet you need to understand that acids are great for your skin. According to most dermatologists, firstly they say that acids actually increases the skin cell turn over rate. And secondly it makes it easier for exfoliation. When used correctly, they are mild on our skin but are effective. They show results in almost 30days.

What do they work on?

They work wonders  for :

  • Fighting Acne
  • Evening out skin tone
  • Anti ageing
  • Reducing scars, hyper pigmentation and blemishes
  • Bringing back the skin glow

With so many facial acid choices in the market, the decision making can be overwhelming. Also, it is highly crucial to chose the suitable acids for you and your skin. Therefore, let me help you understand the most important facts about them.

Lets divide them into categories based on their functions :

  1. For Acne
  2. Wrinkles and Anti – ageing
  3. For Hyperpigmentation
  4. Exfoliation

1. ACNE & SCARS :

If you have an oily acne prone skin, then Salicylic acid is going to be your best friend. It is a beta hydroxy acid (BHA). It decreases acne and fights off black heads & white heads 2 to 4 drops is enough for your whole face. Follow it up together with your favorite moisturizer and you are all set.

Another great acid is Glycolic acid. It is the most used in the world and is an alpha hydroxy acid(AHA). It has multipurpose uses, but is potent for acne reduction and acne scar removal. Now you must be wondering what is this AHA and BHA.

In simple words, AHA are acids that are water soluble and exfoliate dead skin on the surface level. Whereas, BHA are oil soluble, suitable for all skin types and acts on deeper skin layers.

2. Anti- Ageing Functions :

  • Vitamin C is a great anti oxidant. It also reduces the free radicals from the sun damage from destroying your skin.
  • Vitamin A or Retinols speed up the exfoliation process and work on the fine lines & wrinkles. Has extra ordinary anti ageing effects, with that it also combats blemishes and dark spots.
  • Hyaluronic acid, acts as a sponge that holds on to your skin moisture over night. Making your skin look plump and glowy. That in long run maintains the skin tone and delays wrinkles.
  • Lactic acid is a chemical peel. Used primarily for exfoliation, it increases the skin moisturizing factor and minimizes wrinkles.

3. Dark spots and Hyper pigmentation :

With age these dark spots are kind of inevitable. So better start early to get yourself ahead from these stubborn pigmentations.

  • Kojic acid, derived from mushrooms are common skin lighteners. If you are not allergic to mushrooms go ahead and try it yourself. It is a good acid for beginners and for folks with sensitive skin.
  • Vitamin C, Salicylic acid and lactic acid as mentioned earlier, brings down the dark spots.
  • Azelaic acid is naturally extracted from oats. As you must know oats diminishes abnormal hyper pigmentation. This also does the same work.

At the end of the day hyper pigmentation can be easily prevented than cure. Wear sufficient amount of sunscreen on your face and neck. This protects your skin from sun damage as well as the early onset of dark spots.

4. Exfoliation :

There is two kinds of exfoliation. One is the physical another is the chemical exfoliation. The physical exfoliation with apricot and walnut scrubs might look satisfying. But nonetheless they are actually tearing your skin on a microscopic level. Time has come for you to opt for chemical exfoliation. Most AHAs including Lactic acid, Glycolic acid, citric acids acts as exfoliants.

Salicylic acid also removes dead skin cells. This allows for your skin to reflect light and appear smooth, shiny and glowing. Use the above mentioned facial acids, weekly thrice to get the amazing results.

This was your introduction into the world of acids. But, remember excess of anything is always harmful. Therefore, make sure you are using the correct combination of facial acids and the brand that suits you the most. Layering your acids is a bit tricky, be very careful while doing that and then flaunt your lovely glowing skin.

 

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